Factors of Exclusive Breast Milk on Stunting Events
Keywords:Exclusive breastfeeding, Stunting
The World Health Organizatin states that the prevalence of stunting in the world is 22.9% and the nutritional status of stunted toddlers is the cause of 2.2 million of all causes of under-five mortality worldwide. The results of Riskesdas in Indonesia in 2013 the presentation of the nutritional status of stunting toddlers was 37.2%. The prevalence of stunting did not show a decrease or improvement compared to 2010 (35%) and 2007 (36.8%).Stunting is a condition of failure to thrive in children under five years old (infants under five years old) due to chronic malnutrition so that the child is too short for his age. Malnutrition occurs since the baby is in the womb and in the early days after the baby is born, however, the stunting condition only appears after the baby is 2 years old. One of the factors in the occurrence of this stunting is exclusive breastfeeding. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of exclusive breastfeeding on the incidence of stunting. The method in this research is literature review, which is trying to explore how the factors of exclusive breastfeeding on the incidence of stunting. The results in this study indicate that from 6 articles that have been reviewed, there is an influence of exclusive breastfeeding factors on the incidence of stunting. This is because breast milk is the best food for babies aged 0-6 months, where breast milk contains fat, carbohydrates, protein, salt and minerals and vitamins.