The Correlation Between Knowledge, Attitude, Parents' Role, Counseling Teachers' Role and Preventive Measures of HIV/AIDS in Teenagers
Keywords:HIV / AIDS prevention, Counseling teachers’ role, Parents’ ole, Knowledge, Attitudes, Teenagers
Preventive measures of HIV/AIDS among teenagers is an important issue that needs special attention considering that many of their behavior problems are getting closer to HIV/AIDS vulnerability. Some their behaviors at risk of HIV/AIDS are free sex and drug abuse. This study aims to identify and analyze the correlation between knowledge, attitudes, parents’ role, counseling teachers’s role and preventive measures of HIV/AIDS in teenagers. The design of this study was analytic and time survey using a cross sectional approach. The number of samples used is 90 samples taken by proportional stratified random sampling technique. The techniques of this research used questionnaires and documentation. Data were analyzed using chi square test statistics with a significance level of 5%. The results of this study indicate that there is a significant correlation between knowledge of teenagers and their preventive measures of HIV/AIDS with p value = 0.000. The chi square test showed that there was a significant correlation between attitudes and preventive measures of HIV/AIDS in teenagers with p value = 0.000. The chi square test also showed that there was a significant correlation between parents’ role and preventive measures of HIV/AIDS in teenagers with p value = 0.000. There is no significant correlation between the role of counseling teachers with preventive measures of HIV/AIDS in teenagers with p value = 0.094. The results of this study (95% confidence interval) showed that the most influential factor in preventive measures of HIV/AIDS in teenagers was attitude, with a p-value (0.006) and an Odd Ratio (OR) of 4.055. The attitude variable has a higher OR value than the other variables, namely 4.055.