Factors Assosiated to Midwives' Knowledge Related to Complementary Therapies as an Effort to Provide Holistic Care in Reproductive Health Services in the Cirebon Region


  • Wiwin Widayanti STIKes Muhammadiyah Cirebon
  • Nur Aliah Kebidanan, STIKes Muhammadiyah Cirebon
  • Siti Difta Rahmantika Kebidanan, STIKes Muhammadiyah Cirebon
  • Eka Ratnasari Kebidanan, STIKes Muhammadiyah Cirebon
  • Yeni Fitrianingsih Ikatan Bidan Indonesia Kota Cirebon




Complementary, Factors, Knowledge, midwife


The paradigm shift in midwifery services and the global situation towards the increasing demand for complementary practice requires midwives to have comprehensive knowledge of complementary therapies to integrate complementary and conventional midwifery services. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to midwives' knowledge of complementary therapies as an effort to provide holistic care for reproductive health services in the Cirebon Region. This research is a correlative analytical research, cross sectional approach. The respondents were midwives in the Cirebon Region. The sample size was 216 respondents. Sampling using purposive sampling. The data was analyzed with a chi-square test. The research instrument uses questionnaires that have been tested for validity and reliability. The results showed that there was significant assosiation between education, complementary training history, and information sources with complementary related knowledge, each with a p value of 0.000. There was no significant assosiation between the age of midwives, and the periode of working of midwives with complementary related knowledge with p values of  0.75 and 0.50 respectively. Midwives are expected to improve knowledge and skills based  on evidence-based practice related to complementary therapies actively through available information sources, in an effort to provide excellent service to reproductive health holistically.


Apriliani, M. Y. N. Y. Y. (2022). Analisis Sumber Informasi Terhadap Pengetahuan Bidan Tentang Teknik Hypnobirthing. Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian, 3(2), 4731–4736.

Damayanti, M., & Sofyan, O. (2022). Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan Terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan Masyarakat di Dusun Sumberan Sedayu Bantul Tentang Pencegahan Covid-19 Bulan Januari 2021. Majalah Farmaseutik, 18(2), 220–226. https://doi.org/10.22146/farmaseutik.v18i2.70171


Hall, H. G., Griffiths, D., & McKenna, L. G. (2015). Complementary and alternative medicine: Interaction and communication between midwives and women. Women and Birth, 28(2), 137–142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wombi.2014.12.003

Khadijah, S. (2022). Pelaksanaan Pelayanan Kebidanan Komplementer Pada Praktik Mandiri Bidan. Jurnal Kesehatan. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.35730/jk.v13i0.903

Kostania Dosen Jurusan Kebidanan Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta, G., Kunci, K., kebidanan, pelayanan, & Pelaksanaan Pelayanan Kebidanan PENDAHULUAN, komplementer A. (2015). Pelaksanaan Pelayanan Kebidanan Komplementer Pada Bidan Praktek Mandiri Di Kabupaten Klaten. Gaster, XII(1).

Lee, J. A., Sasaki, Y., Arai, I., Go, H. Y., Park, S., Yukawa, K., … Lee, M. S. (2018). An assessment of the use of complementary and alternative medicine by Korean people using an adapted version of the standardized international questionnaire (I-CAM-QK): A cross-sectional study of an internet survey. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 18(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2294-6

Liu, L., Tang, Y., Baxter, G. D., Yin, H., & Tumilty, S. (2021). Complementary and alternative medicine - practice, attitudes, and knowledge among healthcare professionals in New Zealand: an integrative review. BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies, 21(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-021-03235-z

Menteri Kesehatan RI. (2020). Kepmenkes No.01.07/MENKES/320/2020 (p. 90). p. 90. Jakarta.

Mollart, L., Stulz, V., & Foureur, M. (2021). Midwives knowledge and education/training in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): A national survey. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 45(August), 101473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctcp.2021.101473

Simavli, S., Kaygusuz, I., Gumus, I., Usluogullari, B., Yildirim, M., & Kafali, H. (2014). Effect of music therapy during vaginal delivery on postpartum pain relief and mental health. Journal of Affective Disorders, 156, 194–199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2013.12.027

Smith, C. A., Collins, C. T., Levett, K. M., Armour, M., Dahlen, H. G., Tan, A. L., & Mesgarpour, B. (2020). Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management during labour. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2020(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009232.pub2

Suliyanti Otto, Masni, M. F. N. (2013). PERTOLONGAN PERSALINAN DI KOTA GORONTALO THE RELATIONSHIP OF NORMAL CHILDBIRTH CARE TRAINING WITH KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS VILLAGE MIDWIFE DELIVERY Bagian Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak , Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Gorontalo Bagian Biostatistik / KKB , Fakultas Kesehat.

Tabatabaeichehr, M., & Mortazavi, H. (2020). The Effectiveness of Aromatherapy in the Management of Labor Pain and Anxiety: A Systematic Review. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 30(3), 449–458. https://doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v30i3.16

Widayanti, W., Sari, V. M., Aliah, N., & Tonasih, T. (2022). HIPNOSI (Lactation Hypnosis) for Improving Breast Milk Production. PLACENTUM: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Dan Aplikasinya, 10(3), 214. https://doi.org/10.20961/placentum.v10i3.66570

Menteri Kesehatan RI. (2020). Kepmenkes No.01.07/MENKES/320/2020 (p. 90). p. 90. Jakarta.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2013). WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023. World Health Organization (WHO), 1–76. https://doi.org/2013

Febriati, L. D., Rahayu, P. P., & Zakiyah, Z. (2020). Hubungan Karakteristik dengan Praktik Komplementer Kebidanan. Seminar Nasional UNRIYO, (1109), 211–219.




How to Cite

Widayanti, W., Nur Aliah, Siti Difta Rahmantika, Eka Ratnasari, & Yeni Fitrianingsih. (2023). Factors Assosiated to Midwives’ Knowledge Related to Complementary Therapies as an Effort to Provide Holistic Care in Reproductive Health Services in the Cirebon Region. Journal for Quality in Public Health, 7(1), 24–33. https://doi.org/10.30994/jqph.v7i1.469